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:: دوره 6، شماره 2 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1400 ) ::
جلد 6 شماره 2 صفحات 146-133 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مقایسه روش‌‌های پرورش، عملکرد و فناوری گلخانه‌های تولیدکننده گل بریدنی رز در دو شهرستان اندیمشک و دزفول در استان خوزستان
محمدرضا صالحی سلمی ، عارف کرکئی
دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان
چکیده:   (1652 مشاهده)
لازمه توسعه بخش گلکاری کشور تغییر از مرحله سنتی به مرحله صنعتی است،  که این به عواملی مانند فناوری گلخانه، فناوری روز در پرورش و وضعیت بازاریابی ارتباط دارد. در این پژوهش، برای بررسی وضعیت فعلی گلخانه‌‌های گل بریدنی رز در دو مرکز اصلی پرورش این گل در استان خوزستان، شهرستان اندیمشک و دزفول، تلاش شد با بررسی میدانی و جمع‌‌آوری داده‌‌ از ساختار و کنترل شرایط محیطی گلخانه، روش‌‌های پرورش و نگهداری گل بریدنی رز، میزان عملکرد و شرایط پرورش‌‌دهندگان، پیشنهادهایی در راستای افزایش بهره‌‌وری از گلخانه ارائه گردد. داده‌های موجود در پژوهش حاضر از 60 گلخانه تجاری تولیدکننده گل رز به روش به طور کامل تصادفی و از راه پیمایشی و مراجعه به سازمان جهاد کشاورزی استان خوزستان گردآوری شد. نتایج نشان داد سامانه سرمایش به ترتیب در 2/45 و 6/34% از گلخانه‌های اندیمشک و دزفول، سامانه فن و پد بود. مشخص گردید که 2/50 و 9/40% از گلخانه‌های اندیمشک و دزفول از سامانه گرمایشی بخاری استفاده می‌کنند و بیشتر  گلخانه‌‌ها از راه باز و بسته کردن دریچه‌‌ها، برای کم کردن دما در تابستان و افزایش دما در زمستان برای ایجاد تعادل دمایی با محیط بیرون استفاده می‌‌کنند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد سامانه آبیاری در گلخانه‌های اندیمشک 2/40% ثقلی، 7/29 % غرقابی، 8/19% قطره‌ای و 3/10%هیدروپونیک و در گلخانه‌‌های دزفول 1/86% آبیاری جوی پشته و 12% قطره‌‌ای است. با توجه به نتایج به‌دست‌آمده مشخص گردید که به ترتیب 6/49 و 1/50% گلخانه‌های اندیمشک و دزفول دارای پوشش پلاستیکی به همراه سازه فلزی هستند. میانگین سالیانه تولید گل بریدنی رز در شهرستان اندیمشک و دزفول به ترتیب 120 و 130 هزار عدد در هکتار بود و بیشتر بازار فروش را بازار محلی و تهران تشکیل می‌داد و صادرات آن‌ها به خارج از کشور از راه بازار تهران صورت می‌گرفت. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده نشان داد که 9/9 و 12% از تولیدکنندگان شهرستان اندیمشک و دزفول دارای تحصیلات دانشگاهی هستند. با توجه به نتایج بیشتر  عملیات مدیریتی گلخانه به‌‌صورت سنتی انجام می‌‌شود و به‌کارگیری روش‌‌های نوین به‌‌ویژه در سامانه‌‌های سرمایشی، آبیاری و تغذیه برای افزایش عملکرد و کیفیت گل امری ضروری است.
واژه‌های کلیدی: اقتصادی، بازاررسانی، صادرات غیرنفتی، گرمسیری، گلکاری، مدیریت گلخانه
متن کامل [PDF 1243 kb]   (274 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1400/7/16 | پذیرش: 1400/9/3 | انتشار: 1400/12/15
فهرست منابع
1. Aldrich, R.A., Bartok, J.W. (2011). Greenhouse Engineering. Ithaca, N.Y: Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. 212 p.
2. Amini, A., Zahedei, T. (2016). Evaluation of rose cultivation impacts in Lalehzar rural district community of Kerman. Geography and Planning, 20, 1-18 (In Persian).
3. Azizi, J. (2006). Economic evaluation of greenhouse towns plan in Guilan province. Quarterly Journal of Economic Research and Policies, 36, 109-133 (In Persian).
4. Baddadi, S., Bouadila, S., Guizani, A. (2019). Beneficial use of two packed beds of latent storage energy for the heating of a hydroponic greenhouse. Energy Procedia, 162, 156-163. [DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2019.04.017]
5. Bailey, B.J. (1993). Limiting the relative humidity in insulated greenhouses at night. Acta Horticulture, 148, 1-11.
6. Blows, T.J., Ingratta, F.J. (1995). The use of polyethylene film as greenhouse glazing in North America. Acta Horticulture, 170, 69-80. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1985.170.7]
7. Chen, Sh., Zhu, Y., Chen, Y., Liu, W. (2020). Usage strategy of phase change materials in plastic greenhouses, in hot summer and cold winter climate. Applied Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115416. [DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115416]
8. Clark, M.M. (1965). A two-season polyethylene film for greenhouse glazing. 5th National Agriculture and Plastics Congress, 5, 33-35.
9. Cunja, I., Mikulic-Petkovsek, M., Stampar, F., Schmitzer, V. (2014). Compound identification of selected rose species and cultivars: an insight to petal and leaf phenolic profiles. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 139, 157-166. [DOI:10.21273/JASHS.139.2.157]
10. Edrisi, B. (2004). Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of opportunities and threats in the Iranian flower and ornamental plants market in world. Business Reviews, 49, 93-103 (In Persian).
11. Folta, K.M., Gardiner, S.E. (2009). Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae. Springer-Verlag New York. 119p. [DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-77491-6]
12. Ghanchi, M., Khoshnoodifar, Z., Iravani, H. (2010). Analysis of inhibitory components in the development of greenhouse units (Case study: Varamin county). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education Research, 3, 83-94 (In Persian).
13. Hekmat, M. (2012). Analysis on farm management skills of higher education center graduates working in the agriculture sector case study: Shooshtar Township. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 3, 2387-2392.
14. Izquierdo, M., de Vega, M., Lecuona, A., Rodriguez, P., de Energı́a, U. (2012). Compressors driven by thermal solar energy: entropy generated, energy destroyed and energetic efficiency. Solar Energy, 72, 363-375. [DOI:10.1016/S0038-092X(02)00009-9]
15. Jihad-Keshavarzi Organization, (2015). Agriculture statistical yearbook. Jihad Keshavarzi Organization Press.
16. Kheiri, Sh., Sabori, M.S. (2009). Educational needs of olive growers to improve olive gardens: A case study of Roudbar township in Gilan province. Dynamic Agriculture, 6, 1-16 (In Persian).
17. Mattson, CH. (2016). Issues affecting profitability of the nursery and greenhouse industry. Journal of Agricultural Education, 42, 80-110. [DOI:10.1002/cind.803_18.x]
18. Mehrabi Basharabadi, H. (2008). Economic analysis of production of greenhouse products in Kerman province. Science and Technology of Agricultural and Natural Resources, 12, 373-385 (In Persian).
19. Molitor, H.D. (2000). The European perspective with emphasis on sub-irrigation and recirculation of water and nutrients. Acta Horticulture, 272, 203-208.
20. Montesano, F.F., Iersel, M., Boari, F., Cantore, V., D'Amato, G., Parente, A. (2018). Sensor-based irrigation management of soilless basil using a new smart irrigation system: Effects of set-point on plant physiological responses and crop performance. Agricultural Water Management, 203, 20-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2018.02.019]
21. Nelson, P.V. (2003). Greenhouse Operation and Management (6th ed.). Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 629p.
22. Ozgener, O., Hepbasli, A. (2007). A parametrical study on the energetic and energetic assessment of a solar assisted vertical ground-source heat pump system used for heating a greenhouse. Building and Environment, 42(1), 11-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.07.003]
23. Post, K. (1999). Florist Crop Production and Marketing: The Application of Scientific Facts to the Production and Marketing of Florist Cut Flowers, Potted Plants and Bulbs Grown in the Greenhouse or in the Field. Judd, New York. 68p.
24. Qasemi Ghahsareh, M., Kafi, M. 2010. General Floriculture (First Ed.). Razavi Press. 250p.
25. Revathi, S., Sivakumaran, N., Radhakrishnan, T.K. (2021). Design of solar-powered forced ventilation system and energy-efficient thermal comfort operation of greenhouse. Material Todays, 46, 9893-9900. [DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2021.01.409]
26. Riffault, L., Destandau, E., Pasquier, L., André, P., Elfakir, C. (2014). Phytochemical analysis of Rosa hybrida cv. 'Jardin de Granville' by HPTLC, HPLCDAD and HPLC-ESI-HRMS: Polyphenolic fingerprints of six plant organs. Phytochemistry, 99, 127-134. [DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.12.015]
27. Salehi, A. (2006). Comparison of socio-economic status of greenhouse designs of flowers and ornamental plants with vegetables and summer in Isfahan province. Proceedings of 4th Iranian Congress of Horticultural Sciences, 518-524.
28. Sengar, S.H., Kothhari, S. (2008). Economic evolution of greenhouse for and cultivation of rose nursery. Agricultural Research, 3, 435-439.
29. Shokrollahzadeh, A., Chizderi, M., Shokri, Sh. (2012). Investigate the educational needs of Garmsar greenhouse cucumber producers. Agricultural Education Administration Research, 23, 98-109 (In Persian).
30. Statistical Center of Iran. (2017). Population and Housing Censuses. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. https://www.amar.org.ir/english/Population-and-Housing-Censuses.
31. Vernooij, C.J.M. (2002). Reduction of environmental pollution by recirculation of drain water in substrate cultures. Acta Horticulture, 303, 9-13. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1992.303.1]
32. Woods, T., Anderson, R.G. (1997). Single stem roses-an economic analysis. Agricultural Economics Staff Paper, UK. 1-15.
33. Xu, F., Lu, H., Zhi, Z., Yi, G., Chen, W. (2020). Selection of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and its application to greenhouse pad-fan cooling (PFC) systems. Journal of Cleaner Production doi:org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013]
34. Zamanian, A. (2009). Analysis on production and export marketing of flowers and plants in Iran and providing effective strategies with using a mixed marketing model: A case study of Mazandaran province. Business Reviews, 39, 32-64 (In Persian).
35. Zeratkish, Y., Yousefi Motaghaed, H. (2017). Factors affecting the marketing margin for greenhouse rose flower in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Agricultural Economics and Development, 97, 137-156 (In Persian).
36. Aldrich, R.A., Bartok, J.W. (2011). Greenhouse Engineering. Ithaca, N.Y: Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. 212 p.
37. Amini, A., Zahedei, T. (2016). Evaluation of rose cultivation impacts in Lalehzar rural district community of Kerman. Geography and Planning, 20, 1-18 (In Persian).
38. Azizi, J. (2006). Economic evaluation of greenhouse towns plan in Guilan province. Quarterly Journal of Economic Research and Policies, 36, 109-133 (In Persian).
39. Baddadi, S., Bouadila, S., Guizani, A. (2019). Beneficial use of two packed beds of latent storage energy for the heating of a hydroponic greenhouse. Energy Procedia, 162, 156-163. [DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2019.04.017]
40. Bailey, B.J. (1993). Limiting the relative humidity in insulated greenhouses at night. Acta Horticulture, 148, 1-11.
41. Blows, T.J., Ingratta, F.J. (1995). The use of polyethylene film as greenhouse glazing in North America. Acta Horticulture, 170, 69-80. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1985.170.7]
42. Chen, Sh., Zhu, Y., Chen, Y., Liu, W. (2020). Usage strategy of phase change materials in plastic greenhouses, in hot summer and cold winter climate. Applied Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115416. [DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115416]
43. Clark, M.M. (1965). A two-season polyethylene film for greenhouse glazing. 5th National Agriculture and Plastics Congress, 5, 33-35.
44. Cunja, I., Mikulic-Petkovsek, M., Stampar, F., Schmitzer, V. (2014). Compound identification of selected rose species and cultivars: an insight to petal and leaf phenolic profiles. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 139, 157-166. [DOI:10.21273/JASHS.139.2.157]
45. Edrisi, B. (2004). Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of opportunities and threats in the Iranian flower and ornamental plants market in world. Business Reviews, 49, 93-103 (In Persian).
46. Folta, K.M., Gardiner, S.E. (2009). Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae. Springer-Verlag New York. 119p. [DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-77491-6]
47. Ghanchi, M., Khoshnoodifar, Z., Iravani, H. (2010). Analysis of inhibitory components in the development of greenhouse units (Case study: Varamin county). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education Research, 3, 83-94 (In Persian).
48. Hekmat, M. (2012). Analysis on farm management skills of higher education center graduates working in the agriculture sector case study: Shooshtar Township. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 3, 2387-2392.
49. Izquierdo, M., de Vega, M., Lecuona, A., Rodriguez, P., de Energı́a, U. (2012). Compressors driven by thermal solar energy: entropy generated, energy destroyed and energetic efficiency. Solar Energy, 72, 363-375. [DOI:10.1016/S0038-092X(02)00009-9]
50. Jihad-Keshavarzi Organization, (2015). Agriculture statistical yearbook. Jihad Keshavarzi Organization Press.
51. Kheiri, Sh., Sabori, M.S. (2009). Educational needs of olive growers to improve olive gardens: A case study of Roudbar township in Gilan province. Dynamic Agriculture, 6, 1-16 (In Persian).
52. Mattson, CH. (2016). Issues affecting profitability of the nursery and greenhouse industry. Journal of Agricultural Education, 42, 80-110. [DOI:10.1002/cind.803_18.x]
53. Mehrabi Basharabadi, H. (2008). Economic analysis of production of greenhouse products in Kerman province. Science and Technology of Agricultural and Natural Resources, 12, 373-385 (In Persian).
54. Molitor, H.D. (2000). The European perspective with emphasis on sub-irrigation and recirculation of water and nutrients. Acta Horticulture, 272, 203-208.
55. Montesano, F.F., Iersel, M., Boari, F., Cantore, V., D'Amato, G., Parente, A. (2018). Sensor-based irrigation management of soilless basil using a new smart irrigation system: Effects of set-point on plant physiological responses and crop performance. Agricultural Water Management, 203, 20-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2018.02.019]
56. Nelson, P.V. (2003). Greenhouse Operation and Management (6th ed.). Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 629p.
57. Ozgener, O., Hepbasli, A. (2007). A parametrical study on the energetic and energetic assessment of a solar assisted vertical ground-source heat pump system used for heating a greenhouse. Building and Environment, 42(1), 11-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.07.003]
58. Post, K. (1999). Florist Crop Production and Marketing: The Application of Scientific Facts to the Production and Marketing of Florist Cut Flowers, Potted Plants and Bulbs Grown in the Greenhouse or in the Field. Judd, New York. 68p.
59. Qasemi Ghahsareh, M., Kafi, M. 2010. General Floriculture (First Ed.). Razavi Press. 250p.
60. Revathi, S., Sivakumaran, N., Radhakrishnan, T.K. (2021). Design of solar-powered forced ventilation system and energy-efficient thermal comfort operation of greenhouse. Material Todays, 46, 9893-9900. [DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2021.01.409]
61. Riffault, L., Destandau, E., Pasquier, L., André, P., Elfakir, C. (2014). Phytochemical analysis of Rosa hybrida cv. 'Jardin de Granville' by HPTLC, HPLCDAD and HPLC-ESI-HRMS: Polyphenolic fingerprints of six plant organs. Phytochemistry, 99, 127-134. [DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.12.015]
62. Salehi, A. (2006). Comparison of socio-economic status of greenhouse designs of flowers and ornamental plants with vegetables and summer in Isfahan province. Proceedings of 4th Iranian Congress of Horticultural Sciences, 518-524.
63. Sengar, S.H., Kothhari, S. (2008). Economic evolution of greenhouse for and cultivation of rose nursery. Agricultural Research, 3, 435-439.
64. Shokrollahzadeh, A., Chizderi, M., Shokri, Sh. (2012). Investigate the educational needs of Garmsar greenhouse cucumber producers. Agricultural Education Administration Research, 23, 98-109 (In Persian).
65. Statistical Center of Iran. (2017). Population and Housing Censuses. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. https://www.amar.org.ir/english/Population-and-Housing-Censuses.
66. Vernooij, C.J.M. (2002). Reduction of environmental pollution by recirculation of drain water in substrate cultures. Acta Horticulture, 303, 9-13. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1992.303.1]
67. Woods, T., Anderson, R.G. (1997). Single stem roses-an economic analysis. Agricultural Economics Staff Paper, UK. 1-15.
68. Xu, F., Lu, H., Zhi, Z., Yi, G., Chen, W. (2020). Selection of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and its application to greenhouse pad-fan cooling (PFC) systems. Journal of Cleaner Production doi:org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013]
69. Zamanian, A. (2009). Analysis on production and export marketing of flowers and plants in Iran and providing effective strategies with using a mixed marketing model: A case study of Mazandaran province. Business Reviews, 39, 32-64 (In Persian).
70. Zeratkish, Y., Yousefi Motaghaed, H. (2017). Factors affecting the marketing margin for greenhouse rose flower in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Agricultural Economics and Development, 97, 137-156 (In Persian).
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Salehi Salmi M, Korkei A. Comparison of growing methods, yield and technology of greenhouses producing rose cut-flowers in Andimeshk and Dezful cities in Khuzestan province. FOP. 2021; 6 (2) :133-146
URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-211-fa.html

صالحی سلمی محمدرضا، کرکئی عارف. مقایسه روش‌‌های پرورش، عملکرد و فناوری گلخانه‌های تولیدکننده گل بریدنی رز در دو شهرستان اندیمشک و دزفول در استان خوزستان. گل و گیاهان زینتی. 1400; 6 (2) :146-133

URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-211-fa.html



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دوره 6، شماره 2 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1400 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
گل و گیاهان زینتی Flower and Ornamental Plants
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