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:: Volume 6, Issue 2 (Fall and Winter 2021) ::
FOP 2021, 6(2): 133-146 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of growing methods, yield and technology of greenhouses producing rose cut-flowers in Andimeshk and Dezful cities in Khuzestan province
Mohamadreza Salehi Salmi , Aref Korkei
Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resource University of Khuzestan
Abstract:   (1474 Views)
Floriculture is one of the most laborious agricultural activities, which according to most experts in this field, success is involved in factors such as greenhouse technology, modern technology in cultivation, marketing situation. To develop the floriculture of Iran, it is necessary to change production from the traditional methods to the new methods. The two cities of Andimeshk and Dezful are the main producers of rose cut-flowers in Khuzestan province. In this study, by field investigation and collecting data from the structure and control of environmental conditions of the greenhouse, methods of growing and maintenance of rose cut flowers, yield, conditions of growers in these two cities, present suggestions to increase yield. The data were collected from 60 commercial greenhouses producing roses in a completely randomized and referral to Agricultural Organization of Khuzestan Province. The results showed that the cooling system in 45% of Andimeshk greenhouses and 35% of Dezful greenhouses was fan and pad system. It was found that 50% and 41% of Andimeshk and Dezful greenhouses use Polar systems respectively and opening and closing the valves for temperature balance were usual. The results of irrigation system showed that the Andimeshk greenhouses used 40% gravity, 30% flooding, 20% drip and 10% hydroponics and Dezful greenhouses used 86% atmospheric stack irrigation and 14% drip irrigation. According to the obtained results, it was found that 50% of Andimeshk and Dezful greenhouses have a plastic cover with metal structures. The average annual production of cut flowers in Andimeshk and Dezful was 120,000 and 130,000, respectively. Also, the main markets for selling cut-flowers of roses were the local sales market and Tehran, and their export abroad was done through the Tehran market. The obtained results showed that 10% of the producers of Andimeshk city and 12% of the greenhouse producers of Dezful city have academic education. In conclusion, most greenhouse management operations are performed traditionally and the use of new methods; especially in cooling, irrigation and feeding systems to increase the yield and quality of flowers is essential. It is also suggested that introductory courses in the field of greenhouse management and breeding and maintenance be seriously considered.
Keywords: Economic, Floriculture, Greenhouse management, Marketing, Non-oil exports, Tropical
Full-Text [PDF 1243 kb]   (234 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/10/8 | Accepted: 2021/11/24 | Published: 2022/03/6
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33. Xu, F., Lu, H., Zhi, Z., Yi, G., Chen, W. (2020). Selection of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and its application to greenhouse pad-fan cooling (PFC) systems. Journal of Cleaner Production doi:org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013]
34. Zamanian, A. (2009). Analysis on production and export marketing of flowers and plants in Iran and providing effective strategies with using a mixed marketing model: A case study of Mazandaran province. Business Reviews, 39, 32-64 (In Persian).
35. Zeratkish, Y., Yousefi Motaghaed, H. (2017). Factors affecting the marketing margin for greenhouse rose flower in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Agricultural Economics and Development, 97, 137-156 (In Persian).
36. Aldrich, R.A., Bartok, J.W. (2011). Greenhouse Engineering. Ithaca, N.Y: Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. 212 p.
37. Amini, A., Zahedei, T. (2016). Evaluation of rose cultivation impacts in Lalehzar rural district community of Kerman. Geography and Planning, 20, 1-18 (In Persian).
38. Azizi, J. (2006). Economic evaluation of greenhouse towns plan in Guilan province. Quarterly Journal of Economic Research and Policies, 36, 109-133 (In Persian).
39. Baddadi, S., Bouadila, S., Guizani, A. (2019). Beneficial use of two packed beds of latent storage energy for the heating of a hydroponic greenhouse. Energy Procedia, 162, 156-163. [DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2019.04.017]
40. Bailey, B.J. (1993). Limiting the relative humidity in insulated greenhouses at night. Acta Horticulture, 148, 1-11.
41. Blows, T.J., Ingratta, F.J. (1995). The use of polyethylene film as greenhouse glazing in North America. Acta Horticulture, 170, 69-80. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1985.170.7]
42. Chen, Sh., Zhu, Y., Chen, Y., Liu, W. (2020). Usage strategy of phase change materials in plastic greenhouses, in hot summer and cold winter climate. Applied Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115416. [DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.115416]
43. Clark, M.M. (1965). A two-season polyethylene film for greenhouse glazing. 5th National Agriculture and Plastics Congress, 5, 33-35.
44. Cunja, I., Mikulic-Petkovsek, M., Stampar, F., Schmitzer, V. (2014). Compound identification of selected rose species and cultivars: an insight to petal and leaf phenolic profiles. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 139, 157-166. [DOI:10.21273/JASHS.139.2.157]
45. Edrisi, B. (2004). Analysis of strengths and weaknesses of opportunities and threats in the Iranian flower and ornamental plants market in world. Business Reviews, 49, 93-103 (In Persian).
46. Folta, K.M., Gardiner, S.E. (2009). Genetics and Genomics of Rosaceae. Springer-Verlag New York. 119p. [DOI:10.1007/978-0-387-77491-6]
47. Ghanchi, M., Khoshnoodifar, Z., Iravani, H. (2010). Analysis of inhibitory components in the development of greenhouse units (Case study: Varamin county). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Education Research, 3, 83-94 (In Persian).
48. Hekmat, M. (2012). Analysis on farm management skills of higher education center graduates working in the agriculture sector case study: Shooshtar Township. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 3, 2387-2392.
49. Izquierdo, M., de Vega, M., Lecuona, A., Rodriguez, P., de Energı́a, U. (2012). Compressors driven by thermal solar energy: entropy generated, energy destroyed and energetic efficiency. Solar Energy, 72, 363-375. [DOI:10.1016/S0038-092X(02)00009-9]
50. Jihad-Keshavarzi Organization, (2015). Agriculture statistical yearbook. Jihad Keshavarzi Organization Press.
51. Kheiri, Sh., Sabori, M.S. (2009). Educational needs of olive growers to improve olive gardens: A case study of Roudbar township in Gilan province. Dynamic Agriculture, 6, 1-16 (In Persian).
52. Mattson, CH. (2016). Issues affecting profitability of the nursery and greenhouse industry. Journal of Agricultural Education, 42, 80-110. [DOI:10.1002/cind.803_18.x]
53. Mehrabi Basharabadi, H. (2008). Economic analysis of production of greenhouse products in Kerman province. Science and Technology of Agricultural and Natural Resources, 12, 373-385 (In Persian).
54. Molitor, H.D. (2000). The European perspective with emphasis on sub-irrigation and recirculation of water and nutrients. Acta Horticulture, 272, 203-208.
55. Montesano, F.F., Iersel, M., Boari, F., Cantore, V., D'Amato, G., Parente, A. (2018). Sensor-based irrigation management of soilless basil using a new smart irrigation system: Effects of set-point on plant physiological responses and crop performance. Agricultural Water Management, 203, 20-29. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2018.02.019]
56. Nelson, P.V. (2003). Greenhouse Operation and Management (6th ed.). Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. 629p.
57. Ozgener, O., Hepbasli, A. (2007). A parametrical study on the energetic and energetic assessment of a solar assisted vertical ground-source heat pump system used for heating a greenhouse. Building and Environment, 42(1), 11-24. [DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.07.003]
58. Post, K. (1999). Florist Crop Production and Marketing: The Application of Scientific Facts to the Production and Marketing of Florist Cut Flowers, Potted Plants and Bulbs Grown in the Greenhouse or in the Field. Judd, New York. 68p.
59. Qasemi Ghahsareh, M., Kafi, M. 2010. General Floriculture (First Ed.). Razavi Press. 250p.
60. Revathi, S., Sivakumaran, N., Radhakrishnan, T.K. (2021). Design of solar-powered forced ventilation system and energy-efficient thermal comfort operation of greenhouse. Material Todays, 46, 9893-9900. [DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2021.01.409]
61. Riffault, L., Destandau, E., Pasquier, L., André, P., Elfakir, C. (2014). Phytochemical analysis of Rosa hybrida cv. 'Jardin de Granville' by HPTLC, HPLCDAD and HPLC-ESI-HRMS: Polyphenolic fingerprints of six plant organs. Phytochemistry, 99, 127-134. [DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.12.015]
62. Salehi, A. (2006). Comparison of socio-economic status of greenhouse designs of flowers and ornamental plants with vegetables and summer in Isfahan province. Proceedings of 4th Iranian Congress of Horticultural Sciences, 518-524.
63. Sengar, S.H., Kothhari, S. (2008). Economic evolution of greenhouse for and cultivation of rose nursery. Agricultural Research, 3, 435-439.
64. Shokrollahzadeh, A., Chizderi, M., Shokri, Sh. (2012). Investigate the educational needs of Garmsar greenhouse cucumber producers. Agricultural Education Administration Research, 23, 98-109 (In Persian).
65. Statistical Center of Iran. (2017). Population and Housing Censuses. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. https://www.amar.org.ir/english/Population-and-Housing-Censuses.
66. Vernooij, C.J.M. (2002). Reduction of environmental pollution by recirculation of drain water in substrate cultures. Acta Horticulture, 303, 9-13. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1992.303.1]
67. Woods, T., Anderson, R.G. (1997). Single stem roses-an economic analysis. Agricultural Economics Staff Paper, UK. 1-15.
68. Xu, F., Lu, H., Zhi, Z., Yi, G., Chen, W. (2020). Selection of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model and its application to greenhouse pad-fan cooling (PFC) systems. Journal of Cleaner Production doi:org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013. [DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127013]
69. Zamanian, A. (2009). Analysis on production and export marketing of flowers and plants in Iran and providing effective strategies with using a mixed marketing model: A case study of Mazandaran province. Business Reviews, 39, 32-64 (In Persian).
70. Zeratkish, Y., Yousefi Motaghaed, H. (2017). Factors affecting the marketing margin for greenhouse rose flower in Kohgiloye and Boyerahmad province. Agricultural Economics and Development, 97, 137-156 (In Persian).
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Salehi Salmi M, Korkei A. Comparison of growing methods, yield and technology of greenhouses producing rose cut-flowers in Andimeshk and Dezful cities in Khuzestan province. FOP. 2021; 6 (2) :133-146
URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-211-en.html


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