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:: دوره 4، شماره 2 - ( پاییز-زمستان 1398 ) ::
جلد 4 شماره 2 صفحات 115-130 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
افزایش عمر گلجایی گل بریدنی داوودی (Chrysanthemum morifolium (Ramat.) Hemsl.) با استفاده از عصاره پوست پرتقال
حسین طاووسی، جلال غلام نژاد، مریم دهستانی اردکانی، مصطفی شیرمردی، فاطمه ناصری نسب
دانشگاه اردکان
چکیده:   (634 مشاهده)
داوودی ((Chrysanthemum morifolium (Ramat.) Hemsl. متعلق به تیره کاسنی، دارای عمر گلجایی به نسبت طولانی است اما با وجود این، عمر گلجایی آن پس از گذشت دو هفته یا بیشتر از برداشت به پایان می‌‌رسد. بنابراین یافتن راهکارهای مناسب و استفاده از ماده‌های ضد میکروبی برای افزایش عمر گلجایی آن ضروری به‌‌نظر می‏رسد. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثر تیمارهای مختلف گیاهی در افزایش عمرگلجایی گل بریدنی داوودی انجام شد. تیمارهای به‌‌کار گرفته شده در این پژوهش، شامل عصاره پوست پرتقال با 4 غلظت صفر، 5، 15 و 25 پی‌‌پی‌‌ام به همراه  3% سوکروز بود که اثر آن ها بر عمر گلجایی گل داوودی به صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح به طور کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار بررسی شد. تیمار‌ها به دو صورت بلند مدت و کوتاه مدت (24 ساعته) انجام شد. ویژگی‌های بررسی شده شامل عمر گلجایی، تعداد باکتری انتهای ساقه، میزان پروتئین کل، فعالیت آنزیم‌‌های کاتالاز و پراکسیداز، میزان وزن محلول، وزن گل، محتوای آب گلبرگ و میزان کلروفیل بودند. نتایج نشان داد که با استفاده از غلظت‌‌های مناسب عصاره پوست پرتقال می‌‌توان عمر گلجایی گل بریدنی داوودی را افزایش داد. بر اساس نتایج بیشترین عمر گلجایی (33/16 روز) در تیمار بلند مدت استفاده از 25 پی‌‌پی‌‌ام عصاره پوست پرتقال به‌دست آمد. کمترین جمعیت باکتری‌‌های انتهای ساقه با تعداد Log10 CFU ml-1 84/228 مربوط به تیمار 25 پی‌‌پی‌‌ام عصاره پوست پرتقال بود که با کاهش غلظت عصاره، جمعیت باکتری در انتهای ساقۀ بریده ‌‌شده به‌‌طور معنی‌‌داری افزایش یافت. فعالیت آنزیم‌‌های کاتالاز و پراکسیداز به ترتیب با میزان های  mg protein-1 min-1 04/3 و 41/1 در تیمار با 25 پی‌‌پی‌‌ام عصاره پوست پرتقال به طور معنی‌‌‌‌داری نسبت به شاهد افزایش یافت. در مجموع، کاربرد 25 پی‌‌پی‌‌ام عصاره پوست پرتقال با سازوکار‌‌های مختلف باعث افزایش عمر گلجایی و بهبود کیفی گل داوودی شد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: عصاره پوست پرتقال، عمر گلجایی، گل داوودی
متن کامل [PDF 348 kb]   (132 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1398/9/29 | پذیرش: 1399/8/22 | انتشار: 1399/9/18
فهرست منابع
1. Alam, I., Lee, D.G., Park, C.H., Kim, K.H., Sharmin, S.A., Lee, H.Y. (2010). Proteome analysis of soybean roots under waterlogging stress at an early vegetative stage. Journal of Biosciences, 35, 49-62. [DOI:10.1007/s12038-010-0007-5]
2. Anjum, N.A., Umar, S., Chan, M.T. (2010). Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants. Dordrecht: Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-9404-9]
3. Bahraminejad, S., Asenstorfer, R.E., Riley, I.T., Schultz, C.J. (2008). Analysis of the antimicrobial activity of flavonoids and saponins isolated from the shoots oats (Avena sativa L.). Journal of Phytopathology, 156, 1-7.
4. Bakkali, F., Averbeck, S., Averbeck, D., Idaomar, M. (2008). Biological effects of essential oils. A review. Food Chemistry and Toxicology, 46, 446-475. [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.106]
5. Balestra, G.M., Agostini, R., Bellincontro, A., Mencarelli, L.F. (2008). Varvaro Bacterial populations related to Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii L.) stem break. Phytopathologia Mediterranean, 44, 291-299.
6. Bounatirou, S., Simitis, S., Miguel, M.G., Faleiri, L., Rejeb, M.N., Neffati, M., Casta, M.M., Figueiredo, A.C., Barroso, J.G., Pedro, L.G. (2007). Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian Thymus capitatus. Food Chemistry, 105, 146-155. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.059]
7. Bowyer, T.M.C., Wills, T.R.B.H., Badiyan, D., Ku, V.V.V. (2003). Extending the postharvest life of carnations with nitric oxide-comparison of fumigation and in vivo delivery. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 3, 281-286. [DOI:10.1016/S0925-5214(03)00114-5]
8. Chaves, M.S., Martinelli, J.A., Wesp-Guterres, C., Graichen, F.A.S., Brammer, S., Scagliusi, S.M., Da Silva, P.R., Wiethölter, P., Torres, G.A.M., Lau, E.Y. (2013). The importance for food security of maintaining rust resistance in wheat. Food Security, 5, 157-176. [DOI:10.1007/s12571-013-0248-x]
9. Curtis, T. and Halford, N.G. (2013). Food security: the challenge of increasing wheat yield and the importance of not compromising food safety. Annul Applied Biology, 164, 354-372. [DOI:10.1111/aab.12108]
10. Damunupola, J.W., Qian, T., Muusers, R., Joyce, D.C., Irving, D.E., Van Meeteren U. (2010). Effect of Scarvone on vase life parameters of selected cut flower and foliage species. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 55, 66-69. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.07.009]
11. Devi, R., Kaur, N., Gupta, A.K. (2012). Potential of antioxidant enzymes in depicting drought tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal Biochemistry Biophys, 49, 257-265.
12. Eason, J. 2006. Molecular and genetic aspects of flower escence. Stewart Postharvest Solutions, 2,6. [DOI:10.2212/spr.2006.2.6]
13. Feng, H., Liu, W., Zhang, Q., Wang, X., Wang, X., Duan, X., Li, F., Huang, L., Kang Z. (2014). A monodehydroascorbate reductase gene participates in the interactions between wheat and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Plant Physiologu Biochemistry, 76, 7-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.12.015]
14. Gholamnejad, J. (2009). Studies on biological control of blue mold in apple by some yeast isolates and their mechanisms of antagonism, M. Sc. dissertation, University of Tehran. 2009; P 152. (In Persian).
15. Gholamnezhad, J. (2017). Effect of plant extracts against apple gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea. Applied Microbiology in Food Industries, 3(1), 53-66.
16. Gholamnezhad, J. (2019). Effect of plant extracts on activity of some defense enzymes of apple fruit in interaction with Botrytis cinerea. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17, 1-10. [DOI:10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62104-5]
17. Gholamnezhad, J., Sanjarian, F., Mohammadi goltapeh, E., Safaei, N., Razavi, Kh. (2016). Evaluation of housekeeping gene expression of wheat interaction against Mycosphaerella graminicola with Reverse northern dot blot method. Crop Biotechnology, 12, 1-10. (In Persian).
18. Halevy, A.H. (1976). Treatment to improve water balance of cut flowers. Acta Horticulture, 64, 223-230 [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1976.64.29]
19. Hashemabadi, D., Zarchini, M. 2010. Yield and quality management of rose (Rose hybrida cv. Poison) with plant growth regulators. Plant Omics Journal, 3(6), 167-171.
20. Hashemabadi D., Zaredost, F., Barari Ziyabari, M., Zarchini, M., Kaviani, B., Jadid Solimandarabi, M., Mohammadi Torkashvand, A., Zarchini, S. (2012). Influence of phosphate bio-fertilizer on quality features of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6(6), 1101-1109.
21. Hinneburg, I., Dorman, H. J.D., Hiltunen, R. (2006). Antioxidant Activities of Extracts from Selected Culinary Herbs and Spices. Food Chemistry, 97, 122-129. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.028]
22. Li, Y., Guo, C., Yang, J., Wei, J., Xu, J., Cheng, S. (2009). Evaluation of antioxidant properties of pomegranate pulp extract. Food Chemistry, 96(2):254-260. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033]
23. Liao, L., Yu-Han, L., Huang, K. Chen, W. (2001). Vase life of Eustoma grandiflorumas affected aluminum sulfate. Botanical Bulletin- Academia Sinica Taipei, 42, 35-38.
24. Liu, J., He, Sh., Zhang, Zh., Cao, J., Lv, P., He, S., Cheng, G., Joyce, D.C. (2009). Nano-silver pulse treatments inhibit stem-end bacteria on cut Gerbera cv. Ruikou flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 54(1), 59-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.05.004]
25. Lu, p., Cao, J., He, S., Liu, J., Li, H., Cheng, G., Ding, Y., Joyce, D.C. (2010). Nano-silver pulse treatments improve water relations of cut rose cv. Movie Star flowers. Postharvest Biology Techniques, 57, 196-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.04.003]
26. Morrones, J.R., Elechiguerra, J.L., Camacho, A., Holt, K., Kouri, J., Ramirez, J.T., Yacamoo, M.J. 2005. The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology, 16, 2346-2353. [DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059]
27. Palma, J.M., Sandalio, L.M., Corpas, F.J., Romero-Puertas, M.C., McCarthy, I., del Río, L.A. (2002). Plant proteases, protein degradation and oxidative stress: role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40, 521-530. [DOI:10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01404-3]
28. Park, S.H., Oh, S.J., Mun, S.S. (2005). Effect of silver nanoparticles on the fluidity of bilayer in phospholipid liposom. Colloid Surf B: Biointerfaces, 44, 117-122. [DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2005.06.002]
29. Reid, M.S., Jiang, C.Z. (2012). Postharvest biology and technology of cut flowers and potted plants. In: Janick, J. (Ed.), Horticultural Reviews, vol. 40, first ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, Pp:1-54. [DOI:10.1002/9781118351871.ch1]
30. Reuveni, R. (1995). Biochemical marker of disease resistance. In: Singh, R. P., and Singh, U. S. (Ed.) Molecular Methods in Plant Pathology, (pp. 99-114). [DOI:10.1201/9780203746523-8]
31. Silva, J.A. (2003). The cut flower: Postharvest consideration OnLineJ. Biology Science, 3(4), 406 442. [DOI:10.3923/jbs.2003.406.442]
32. Solgi, M. (2014). Evaluation of plant-mediated silver nanoparticles synthesis and its application in postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Physiolgy and Molecular Biology of Plants, 20(3), 279-285. [DOI:10.1007/s12298-014-0237-3]
33. Solgi, M., Kafi. M., Taghavi, T.S., Naderi, R. (2009). Essential oils and silvernanoparticles (SNP) as novel agents to extend vase-life of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. 'Dune') flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 53, 155-158. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.04.003]
34. Tan, H., Liu, X., Ma, N., Xue, J., Lu, W., Bai, J., Gao, J. (2006). Ethylene-influenced flower opening and expression of genes encoding ERs, and EIN3s in two cut rose cultivars. Postharvest Physiology and Technology, 40, 97-105. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.01.007]
35. Tripathi, P., Dubay, N.K. (2004). Exploitation of natural products as an alternative strategy to control postharvest fungal rotting of fruit and vegetables review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 32, 235-245. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2003.11.005]
36. Van Doorn, W.G., Woltering, E.J. (2004). Senescence and programmed cell death: substance or semantics? Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2147-2153. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erh264]
37. Van Meeteren, U.anj, Arevalo-Galaza, L., Van Dooren, W.G. (2006). Inhibition of water uptake after dry of cut flowers: Postharvest Biology and Technology, 41, 70-77. Hardenburg, 1968 [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.03.005]
38. Viret, O., Keller, M., Jaudzems, V.G., Cole, M. (2004). Botrytis cinerea infection of grape flowers: light and electron microscopical studies of infection sites. Phytopathology, 94(8), 850-857. [DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.8.850]
39. Wu, H.M.A., Cheung, A.Y. (2000). Programmed cell death in plant reproduction. Plant Molecular Biology, 44, 267-281. [DOI:10.1023/A:1026536324081]
40. Alam, I., Lee, D.G., Park, C.H., Kim, K.H., Sharmin, S.A., Lee, H.Y. (2010). Proteome analysis of soybean roots under waterlogging stress at an early vegetative stage. Journal of Biosciences, 35, 49-62. [DOI:10.1007/s12038-010-0007-5]
41. Anjum, N.A., Umar, S., Chan, M.T. (2010). Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants. Dordrecht: Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-9404-9]
42. Bahraminejad, S., Asenstorfer, R.E., Riley, I.T., Schultz, C.J. (2008). Analysis of the antimicrobial activity of flavonoids and saponins isolated from the shoots oats (Avena sativa L.). Journal of Phytopathology, 156, 1-7.
43. Bakkali, F., Averbeck, S., Averbeck, D., Idaomar, M. (2008). Biological effects of essential oils. A review. Food Chemistry and Toxicology, 46, 446-475. [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.106]
44. Balestra, G.M., Agostini, R., Bellincontro, A., Mencarelli, L.F. (2008). Varvaro Bacterial populations related to Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii L.) stem break. Phytopathologia Mediterranean, 44, 291-299.
45. Bounatirou, S., Simitis, S., Miguel, M.G., Faleiri, L., Rejeb, M.N., Neffati, M., Casta, M.M., Figueiredo, A.C., Barroso, J.G., Pedro, L.G. (2007). Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian Thymus capitatus. Food Chemistry, 105, 146-155. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.059]
46. Bowyer, T.M.C., Wills, T.R.B.H., Badiyan, D., Ku, V.V.V. (2003). Extending the postharvest life of carnations with nitric oxide-comparison of fumigation and in vivo delivery. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 3, 281-286. [DOI:10.1016/S0925-5214(03)00114-5]
47. Chaves, M.S., Martinelli, J.A., Wesp-Guterres, C., Graichen, F.A.S., Brammer, S., Scagliusi, S.M., Da Silva, P.R., Wiethölter, P., Torres, G.A.M., Lau, E.Y. (2013). The importance for food security of maintaining rust resistance in wheat. Food Security, 5, 157-176. [DOI:10.1007/s12571-013-0248-x]
48. Curtis, T. and Halford, N.G. (2013). Food security: the challenge of increasing wheat yield and the importance of not compromising food safety. Annul Applied Biology, 164, 354-372. [DOI:10.1111/aab.12108]
49. Damunupola, J.W., Qian, T., Muusers, R., Joyce, D.C., Irving, D.E., Van Meeteren U. (2010). Effect of Scarvone on vase life parameters of selected cut flower and foliage species. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 55, 66-69. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.07.009]
50. Devi, R., Kaur, N., Gupta, A.K. (2012). Potential of antioxidant enzymes in depicting drought tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal Biochemistry Biophys, 49, 257-265.
51. Eason, J. 2006. Molecular and genetic aspects of flower escence. Stewart Postharvest Solutions, 2,6. [DOI:10.2212/spr.2006.2.6]
52. Feng, H., Liu, W., Zhang, Q., Wang, X., Wang, X., Duan, X., Li, F., Huang, L., Kang Z. (2014). A monodehydroascorbate reductase gene participates in the interactions between wheat and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Plant Physiologu Biochemistry, 76, 7-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.12.015]
53. Gholamnejad, J. (2009). Studies on biological control of blue mold in apple by some yeast isolates and their mechanisms of antagonism, M. Sc. dissertation, University of Tehran. 2009; P 152. (In Persian).
54. Gholamnezhad, J. (2017). Effect of plant extracts against apple gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea. Applied Microbiology in Food Industries, 3(1), 53-66.
55. Gholamnezhad, J. (2019). Effect of plant extracts on activity of some defense enzymes of apple fruit in interaction with Botrytis cinerea. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17, 1-10. [DOI:10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62104-5]
56. Gholamnezhad, J., Sanjarian, F., Mohammadi goltapeh, E., Safaei, N., Razavi, Kh. (2016). Evaluation of housekeeping gene expression of wheat interaction against Mycosphaerella graminicola with Reverse northern dot blot method. Crop Biotechnology, 12, 1-10. (In Persian).
57. Halevy, A.H. (1976). Treatment to improve water balance of cut flowers. Acta Horticulture, 64, 223-230. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1976.64.29]
58. Hashemabadi, D., Zarchini, M. 2010. Yield and quality management of rose (Rose hybrida cv. Poison) with plant growth regulators. Plant Omics Journal, 3(6), 167-171.
59. Hashemabadi D., Zaredost, F., Barari Ziyabari, M., Zarchini, M., Kaviani, B., Jadid Solimandarabi, M., Mohammadi Torkashvand, A., Zarchini, S. (2012). Influence of phosphate bio-fertilizer on quality features of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6(6), 1101-1109.
60. Hinneburg, I., Dorman, H. J.D., Hiltunen, R. (2006). Antioxidant Activities of Extracts from Selected Culinary Herbs and Spices. Food Chemistry, 97, 122-129. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.028]
61. Li, Y., Guo, C., Yang, J., Wei, J., Xu, J., Cheng, S. (2009). Evaluation of antioxidant properties of pomegranate pulp extract. Food Chemistry, 96(2):254-260. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033]
62. Liao, L., Yu-Han, L., Huang, K. Chen, W. (2001). Vase life of Eustoma grandiflorumas affected aluminum sulfate. Botanical Bulletin- Academia Sinica Taipei, 42, 35-38.
63. Liu, J., He, Sh., Zhang, Zh., Cao, J., Lv, P., He, S., Cheng, G., Joyce, D.C. (2009). Nano-silver pulse treatments inhibit stem-end bacteria on cut Gerbera cv. Ruikou flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 54(1), 59-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.05.004]
64. Lu, p., Cao, J., He, S., Liu, J., Li, H., Cheng, G., Ding, Y., Joyce, D.C. (2010). Nano-silver pulse treatments improve water relations of cut rose cv. Movie Star flowers. Postharvest Biology Techniques, 57, 196-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.04.003]
65. Morrones, J.R., Elechiguerra, J.L., Camacho, A., Holt, K., Kouri, J., Ramirez, J.T., Yacamoo, M.J. 2005. The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology, 16, 2346-2353. [DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059]
66. Palma, J.M., Sandalio, L.M., Corpas, F.J., Romero-Puertas, M.C., McCarthy, I., del Río, L.A. (2002). Plant proteases, protein degradation and oxidative stress: role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40, 521-530. [DOI:10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01404-3]
67. Park, S.H., Oh, S.J., Mun, S.S. (2005). Effect of silver nanoparticles on the fluidity of bilayer in phospholipid liposom. Colloid Surf B: Biointerfaces, 44, 117-122. [DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2005.06.002]
68. Reid, M.S., Jiang, C.Z. (2012). Postharvest biology and technology of cut flowers and potted plants. In: Janick, J. (Ed.), Horticultural Reviews, vol. 40, first ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, Pp:1-54. [DOI:10.1002/9781118351871.ch1]
69. Reuveni, R. (1995). Biochemical marker of disease resistance. In: Singh, R. P., and Singh, U. S. (Ed.) Molecular Methods in Plant Pathology, (pp. 99-114). [DOI:10.1201/9780203746523-8]
70. Silva, J.A. (2003). The cut flower: Postharvest consideration OnLineJ. Biology Science, 3(4), 406 442. [DOI:10.3923/jbs.2003.406.442]
71. Solgi, M. (2014). Evaluation of plant-mediated silver nanoparticles synthesis and its application in postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Physiolgy and Molecular Biology of Plants, 20(3), 279-285. [DOI:10.1007/s12298-014-0237-3]
72. Solgi, M., Kafi. M., Taghavi, T.S., Naderi, R. (2009). Essential oils and silvernanoparticles (SNP) as novel agents to extend vase-life of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. 'Dune') flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 53, 155-158. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.04.003]
73. Tan, H., Liu, X., Ma, N., Xue, J., Lu, W., Bai, J., Gao, J. (2006). Ethylene-influenced flower opening and expression of genes encoding ERs, and EIN3s in two cut rose cultivars. Postharvest Physiology and Technology, 40, 97-105. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.01.007]
74. Tripathi, P., Dubay, N.K. (2004). Exploitation of natural products as an alternative strategy to control postharvest fungal rotting of fruit and vegetables review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 32, 235-245. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2003.11.005]
75. Van Doorn, W.G., Woltering, E.J. (2004). Senescence and programmed cell death: substance or semantics? Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2147-2153. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erh264]
76. Van Meeteren, U.anj, Arevalo-Galaza, L., Van Dooren, W.G. (2006). Inhibition of water uptake after dry of cut flowers: Postharvest Biology and Technology, 41, 70-77. Hardenburg, 1968. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.03.005]
77. Viret, O., Keller, M., Jaudzems, V.G., Cole, M. (2004). Botrytis cinerea infection of grape flowers: light and electron microscopical studies of infection sites. Phytopathology, 94(8), 850-857. [DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.8.850]
78. Wu, H.M.A., Cheung, A.Y. (2000). Programmed cell death in plant reproduction. Plant Molecular Biology, 44, 267-281. [DOI:10.1023/A:1026536324081]
79. Alam, I., Lee, D.G., Park, C.H., Kim, K.H., Sharmin, S.A., Lee, H.Y. (2010). Proteome analysis of soybean roots under waterlogging stress at an early vegetative stage. Journal of Biosciences, 35, 49-62. [DOI:10.1007/s12038-010-0007-5]
80. Anjum, N.A., Umar, S., Chan, M.T. (2010). Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants. Dordrecht: Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-9404-9]
81. Bahraminejad, S., Asenstorfer, R.E., Riley, I.T., Schultz, C.J. (2008). Analysis of the antimicrobial activity of flavonoids and saponins isolated from the shoots oats (Avena sativa L.). Journal of Phytopathology, 156, 1-7.
82. Bakkali, F., Averbeck, S., Averbeck, D., Idaomar, M. (2008). Biological effects of essential oils. A review. Food Chemistry and Toxicology, 46, 446-475. [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.106]
83. Balestra, G.M., Agostini, R., Bellincontro, A., Mencarelli, L.F. (2008). Varvaro Bacterial populations related to Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii L.) stem break. Phytopathologia Mediterranean, 44, 291-299.
84. Bounatirou, S., Simitis, S., Miguel, M.G., Faleiri, L., Rejeb, M.N., Neffati, M., Casta, M.M., Figueiredo, A.C., Barroso, J.G., Pedro, L.G. (2007). Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian Thymus capitatus. Food Chemistry, 105, 146-155. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.059]
85. Bowyer, T.M.C., Wills, T.R.B.H., Badiyan, D., Ku, V.V.V. (2003). Extending the postharvest life of carnations with nitric oxide-comparison of fumigation and in vivo delivery. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 3, 281-286. [DOI:10.1016/S0925-5214(03)00114-5]
86. Chaves, M.S., Martinelli, J.A., Wesp-Guterres, C., Graichen, F.A.S., Brammer, S., Scagliusi, S.M., Da Silva, P.R., Wiethölter, P., Torres, G.A.M., Lau, E.Y. (2013). The importance for food security of maintaining rust resistance in wheat. Food Security, 5, 157-176. [DOI:10.1007/s12571-013-0248-x]
87. Curtis, T. and Halford, N.G. (2013). Food security: the challenge of increasing wheat yield and the importance of not compromising food safety. Annul Applied Biology, 164, 354-372. [DOI:10.1111/aab.12108]
88. Damunupola, J.W., Qian, T., Muusers, R., Joyce, D.C., Irving, D.E., Van Meeteren U. (2010). Effect of Scarvone on vase life parameters of selected cut flower and foliage species. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 55, 66-69. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.07.009]
89. Devi, R., Kaur, N., Gupta, A.K. (2012). Potential of antioxidant enzymes in depicting drought tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal Biochemistry Biophys, 49, 257-265.
90. Eason, J. 2006. Molecular and genetic aspects of flower escence. Stewart Postharvest Solutions, 2,6. [DOI:10.2212/spr.2006.2.6]
91. Feng, H., Liu, W., Zhang, Q., Wang, X., Wang, X., Duan, X., Li, F., Huang, L., Kang Z. (2014). A monodehydroascorbate reductase gene participates in the interactions between wheat and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Plant Physiologu Biochemistry, 76, 7-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.12.015]
92. Gholamnejad, J. (2009). Studies on biological control of blue mold in apple by some yeast isolates and their mechanisms of antagonism, M. Sc. dissertation, University of Tehran. 2009; P 152. (In Persian).
93. Gholamnezhad, J. (2017). Effect of plant extracts against apple gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea. Applied Microbiology in Food Industries, 3(1), 53-66.
94. Gholamnezhad, J. (2019). Effect of plant extracts on activity of some defense enzymes of apple fruit in interaction with Botrytis cinerea. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17, 1-10. [DOI:10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62104-5]
95. Gholamnezhad, J., Sanjarian, F., Mohammadi goltapeh, E., Safaei, N., Razavi, Kh. (2016). Evaluation of housekeeping gene expression of wheat interaction against Mycosphaerella graminicola with Reverse northern dot blot method. Crop Biotechnology, 12, 1-10. (In Persian).
96. Halevy, A.H. (1976). Treatment to improve water balance of cut flowers. Acta Horticulture, 64, 223-230 [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1976.64.29]
97. Hashemabadi, D., Zarchini, M. 2010. Yield and quality management of rose (Rose hybrida cv. Poison) with plant growth regulators. Plant Omics Journal, 3(6), 167-171.
98. Hashemabadi D., Zaredost, F., Barari Ziyabari, M., Zarchini, M., Kaviani, B., Jadid Solimandarabi, M., Mohammadi Torkashvand, A., Zarchini, S. (2012). Influence of phosphate bio-fertilizer on quality features of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6(6), 1101-1109.
99. Hinneburg, I., Dorman, H. J.D., Hiltunen, R. (2006). Antioxidant Activities of Extracts from Selected Culinary Herbs and Spices. Food Chemistry, 97, 122-129. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.028]
100. Li, Y., Guo, C., Yang, J., Wei, J., Xu, J., Cheng, S. (2009). Evaluation of antioxidant properties of pomegranate pulp extract. Food Chemistry, 96(2):254-260. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033]
101. Liao, L., Yu-Han, L., Huang, K. Chen, W. (2001). Vase life of Eustoma grandiflorumas affected aluminum sulfate. Botanical Bulletin- Academia Sinica Taipei, 42, 35-38.
102. Liu, J., He, Sh., Zhang, Zh., Cao, J., Lv, P., He, S., Cheng, G., Joyce, D.C. (2009). Nano-silver pulse treatments inhibit stem-end bacteria on cut Gerbera cv. Ruikou flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 54(1), 59-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.05.004]
103. Lu, p., Cao, J., He, S., Liu, J., Li, H., Cheng, G., Ding, Y., Joyce, D.C. (2010). Nano-silver pulse treatments improve water relations of cut rose cv. Movie Star flowers. Postharvest Biology Techniques, 57, 196-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.04.003]
104. Morrones, J.R., Elechiguerra, J.L., Camacho, A., Holt, K., Kouri, J., Ramirez, J.T., Yacamoo, M.J. 2005. The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology, 16, 2346-2353. [DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059]
105. Palma, J.M., Sandalio, L.M., Corpas, F.J., Romero-Puertas, M.C., McCarthy, I., del Río, L.A. (2002). Plant proteases, protein degradation and oxidative stress: role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40, 521-530. [DOI:10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01404-3]
106. Park, S.H., Oh, S.J., Mun, S.S. (2005). Effect of silver nanoparticles on the fluidity of bilayer in phospholipid liposom. Colloid Surf B: Biointerfaces, 44, 117-122. [DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2005.06.002]
107. Reid, M.S., Jiang, C.Z. (2012). Postharvest biology and technology of cut flowers and potted plants. In: Janick, J. (Ed.), Horticultural Reviews, vol. 40, first ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, Pp:1-54. [DOI:10.1002/9781118351871.ch1]
108. Reuveni, R. (1995). Biochemical marker of disease resistance. In: Singh, R. P., and Singh, U. S. (Ed.) Molecular Methods in Plant Pathology, (pp. 99-114). [DOI:10.1201/9780203746523-8]
109. Silva, J.A. (2003). The cut flower: Postharvest consideration OnLineJ. Biology Science, 3(4), 406 442. [DOI:10.3923/jbs.2003.406.442]
110. Solgi, M. (2014). Evaluation of plant-mediated silver nanoparticles synthesis and its application in postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Physiolgy and Molecular Biology of Plants, 20(3), 279-285. [DOI:10.1007/s12298-014-0237-3]
111. Solgi, M., Kafi. M., Taghavi, T.S., Naderi, R. (2009). Essential oils and silvernanoparticles (SNP) as novel agents to extend vase-life of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. 'Dune') flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 53, 155-158. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.04.003]
112. Tan, H., Liu, X., Ma, N., Xue, J., Lu, W., Bai, J., Gao, J. (2006). Ethylene-influenced flower opening and expression of genes encoding ERs, and EIN3s in two cut rose cultivars. Postharvest Physiology and Technology, 40, 97-105. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.01.007]
113. Tripathi, P., Dubay, N.K. (2004). Exploitation of natural products as an alternative strategy to control postharvest fungal rotting of fruit and vegetables review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 32, 235-245. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2003.11.005]
114. Van Doorn, W.G., Woltering, E.J. (2004). Senescence and programmed cell death: substance or semantics? Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2147-2153. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erh264]
115. Van Meeteren, U.anj, Arevalo-Galaza, L., Van Dooren, W.G. (2006). Inhibition of water uptake after dry of cut flowers: Postharvest Biology and Technology, 41, 70-77. Hardenburg, 1968 [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.03.005]
116. Viret, O., Keller, M., Jaudzems, V.G., Cole, M. (2004). Botrytis cinerea infection of grape flowers: light and electron microscopical studies of infection sites. Phytopathology, 94(8), 850-857. [DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.8.850]
117. Wu, H.M.A., Cheung, A.Y. (2000). Programmed cell death in plant reproduction. Plant Molecular Biology, 44, 267-281. [DOI:10.1023/A:1026536324081]
118. Alam, I., Lee, D.G., Park, C.H., Kim, K.H., Sharmin, S.A., Lee, H.Y. (2010). Proteome analysis of soybean roots under waterlogging stress at an early vegetative stage. Journal of Biosciences, 35, 49-62. [DOI:10.1007/s12038-010-0007-5]
119. Anjum, N.A., Umar, S., Chan, M.T. (2010). Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants. Dordrecht: Springer. [DOI:10.1007/978-90-481-9404-9]
120. Bahraminejad, S., Asenstorfer, R.E., Riley, I.T., Schultz, C.J. (2008). Analysis of the antimicrobial activity of flavonoids and saponins isolated from the shoots oats (Avena sativa L.). Journal of Phytopathology, 156, 1-7.
121. Bakkali, F., Averbeck, S., Averbeck, D., Idaomar, M. (2008). Biological effects of essential oils. A review. Food Chemistry and Toxicology, 46, 446-475. [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.106]
122. Balestra, G.M., Agostini, R., Bellincontro, A., Mencarelli, L.F. (2008). Varvaro Bacterial populations related to Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii L.) stem break. Phytopathologia Mediterranean, 44, 291-299.
123. Bounatirou, S., Simitis, S., Miguel, M.G., Faleiri, L., Rejeb, M.N., Neffati, M., Casta, M.M., Figueiredo, A.C., Barroso, J.G., Pedro, L.G. (2007). Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils isolated from Tunisian Thymus capitatus. Food Chemistry, 105, 146-155. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.059]
124. Bowyer, T.M.C., Wills, T.R.B.H., Badiyan, D., Ku, V.V.V. (2003). Extending the postharvest life of carnations with nitric oxide-comparison of fumigation and in vivo delivery. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 3, 281-286. [DOI:10.1016/S0925-5214(03)00114-5]
125. Chaves, M.S., Martinelli, J.A., Wesp-Guterres, C., Graichen, F.A.S., Brammer, S., Scagliusi, S.M., Da Silva, P.R., Wiethölter, P., Torres, G.A.M., Lau, E.Y. (2013). The importance for food security of maintaining rust resistance in wheat. Food Security, 5, 157-176. [DOI:10.1007/s12571-013-0248-x]
126. Curtis, T. and Halford, N.G. (2013). Food security: the challenge of increasing wheat yield and the importance of not compromising food safety. Annul Applied Biology, 164, 354-372. [DOI:10.1111/aab.12108]
127. Damunupola, J.W., Qian, T., Muusers, R., Joyce, D.C., Irving, D.E., Van Meeteren U. (2010). Effect of Scarvone on vase life parameters of selected cut flower and foliage species. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 55, 66-69. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.07.009]
128. Devi, R., Kaur, N., Gupta, A.K. (2012). Potential of antioxidant enzymes in depicting drought tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian Journal Biochemistry Biophys, 49, 257-265.
129. Eason, J. 2006. Molecular and genetic aspects of flower escence. Stewart Postharvest Solutions, 2,6. [DOI:10.2212/spr.2006.2.6]
130. Feng, H., Liu, W., Zhang, Q., Wang, X., Wang, X., Duan, X., Li, F., Huang, L., Kang Z. (2014). A monodehydroascorbate reductase gene participates in the interactions between wheat and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Plant Physiologu Biochemistry, 76, 7-16. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.12.015]
131. Gholamnejad, J. (2009). Studies on biological control of blue mold in apple by some yeast isolates and their mechanisms of antagonism, M. Sc. dissertation, University of Tehran. 2009; P 152. (In Persian).
132. Gholamnezhad, J. (2017). Effect of plant extracts against apple gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea. Applied Microbiology in Food Industries, 3(1), 53-66.
133. Gholamnezhad, J. (2019). Effect of plant extracts on activity of some defense enzymes of apple fruit in interaction with Botrytis cinerea. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17, 1-10. [DOI:10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62104-5]
134. Gholamnezhad, J., Sanjarian, F., Mohammadi goltapeh, E., Safaei, N., Razavi, Kh. (2016). Evaluation of housekeeping gene expression of wheat interaction against Mycosphaerella graminicola with Reverse northern dot blot method. Crop Biotechnology, 12, 1-10. (In Persian).
135. Halevy, A.H. (1976). Treatment to improve water balance of cut flowers. Acta Horticulture, 64, 223-230. [DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.1976.64.29]
136. Hashemabadi, D., Zarchini, M. 2010. Yield and quality management of rose (Rose hybrida cv. Poison) with plant growth regulators. Plant Omics Journal, 3(6), 167-171.
137. Hashemabadi D., Zaredost, F., Barari Ziyabari, M., Zarchini, M., Kaviani, B., Jadid Solimandarabi, M., Mohammadi Torkashvand, A., Zarchini, S. (2012). Influence of phosphate bio-fertilizer on quality features of marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6(6), 1101-1109.
138. Hinneburg, I., Dorman, H. J.D., Hiltunen, R. (2006). Antioxidant Activities of Extracts from Selected Culinary Herbs and Spices. Food Chemistry, 97, 122-129. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.028]
139. Li, Y., Guo, C., Yang, J., Wei, J., Xu, J., Cheng, S. (2009). Evaluation of antioxidant properties of pomegranate pulp extract. Food Chemistry, 96(2):254-260. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.02.033]
140. Liao, L., Yu-Han, L., Huang, K. Chen, W. (2001). Vase life of Eustoma grandiflorumas affected aluminum sulfate. Botanical Bulletin- Academia Sinica Taipei, 42, 35-38.
141. Liu, J., He, Sh., Zhang, Zh., Cao, J., Lv, P., He, S., Cheng, G., Joyce, D.C. (2009). Nano-silver pulse treatments inhibit stem-end bacteria on cut Gerbera cv. Ruikou flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 54(1), 59-62. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.05.004]
142. Lu, p., Cao, J., He, S., Liu, J., Li, H., Cheng, G., Ding, Y., Joyce, D.C. (2010). Nano-silver pulse treatments improve water relations of cut rose cv. Movie Star flowers. Postharvest Biology Techniques, 57, 196-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2010.04.003]
143. Morrones, J.R., Elechiguerra, J.L., Camacho, A., Holt, K., Kouri, J., Ramirez, J.T., Yacamoo, M.J. 2005. The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles. Nanotechnology, 16, 2346-2353. [DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/16/10/059]
144. Palma, J.M., Sandalio, L.M., Corpas, F.J., Romero-Puertas, M.C., McCarthy, I., del Río, L.A. (2002). Plant proteases, protein degradation and oxidative stress: role of peroxisomes. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40, 521-530. [DOI:10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01404-3]
145. Park, S.H., Oh, S.J., Mun, S.S. (2005). Effect of silver nanoparticles on the fluidity of bilayer in phospholipid liposom. Colloid Surf B: Biointerfaces, 44, 117-122. [DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2005.06.002]
146. Reid, M.S., Jiang, C.Z. (2012). Postharvest biology and technology of cut flowers and potted plants. In: Janick, J. (Ed.), Horticultural Reviews, vol. 40, first ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, Pp:1-54. [DOI:10.1002/9781118351871.ch1]
147. Reuveni, R. (1995). Biochemical marker of disease resistance. In: Singh, R. P., and Singh, U. S. (Ed.) Molecular Methods in Plant Pathology, (pp. 99-114). [DOI:10.1201/9780203746523-8]
148. Silva, J.A. (2003). The cut flower: Postharvest consideration OnLineJ. Biology Science, 3(4), 406 442. [DOI:10.3923/jbs.2003.406.442]
149. Solgi, M. (2014). Evaluation of plant-mediated silver nanoparticles synthesis and its application in postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Physiolgy and Molecular Biology of Plants, 20(3), 279-285. [DOI:10.1007/s12298-014-0237-3]
150. Solgi, M., Kafi. M., Taghavi, T.S., Naderi, R. (2009). Essential oils and silvernanoparticles (SNP) as novel agents to extend vase-life of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. 'Dune') flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 53, 155-158. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2009.04.003]
151. Tan, H., Liu, X., Ma, N., Xue, J., Lu, W., Bai, J., Gao, J. (2006). Ethylene-influenced flower opening and expression of genes encoding ERs, and EIN3s in two cut rose cultivars. Postharvest Physiology and Technology, 40, 97-105. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.01.007]
152. Tripathi, P., Dubay, N.K. (2004). Exploitation of natural products as an alternative strategy to control postharvest fungal rotting of fruit and vegetables review. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 32, 235-245. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2003.11.005]
153. Van Doorn, W.G., Woltering, E.J. (2004). Senescence and programmed cell death: substance or semantics? Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 2147-2153. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erh264]
154. Van Meeteren, U.anj, Arevalo-Galaza, L., Van Dooren, W.G. (2006). Inhibition of water uptake after dry of cut flowers: Postharvest Biology and Technology, 41, 70-77. Hardenburg, 1968. [DOI:10.1016/j.postharvbio.2006.03.005]
155. Viret, O., Keller, M., Jaudzems, V.G., Cole, M. (2004). Botrytis cinerea infection of grape flowers: light and electron microscopical studies of infection sites. Phytopathology, 94(8), 850-857. [DOI:10.1094/PHYTO.2004.94.8.850]
156. Wu, H.M.A., Cheung, A.Y. (2000). Programmed cell death in plant reproduction. Plant Molecular Biology, 44, 267-281. [DOI:10.1023/A:1026536324081]
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tavoosi H, gholamnezhad J. Extending the vase life of Chrysanthemum morifolium (Ramat.) Hemsl. using orange peels extract. FOP. 2020; 4 (2) :115-130
URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-153-fa.html

طاووسی حسین، غلام نژاد جلال، دهستانی اردکانی مریم، شیرمردی مصطفی، ناصری نسب فاطمه. افزایش عمر گلجایی گل بریدنی داوودی (Chrysanthemum morifolium (Ramat.) Hemsl.) با استفاده از عصاره پوست پرتقال. گل و گیاهان زینتی. 1398; 4 (2) :115-130

URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-153-fa.html



دوره 4، شماره 2 - ( پاییز-زمستان 1398 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
گل و گیاهان زینتی Flower and Ornamental Plants
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