:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (8-2020) ::
FOP 2020, 5(2): 61-74 Back to browse issues page
Investigation on the effects of Japanese landscape ideas on the urban parks in Iran
Monire Marouf, Abdollah Hatamzadeh, Homaion Kave
guilan univ
Abstract:   (596 Views)
In general, Japanese garden landscapes are formed on a small scale from the free forms of nature. Therefore, it can be seen that everything that was used in the garden and the park was a special concept and an expression of a point of reality in nature. When we talk about the design of the Iranian garden in contemporary times, it is better to design and build a garden that, while being inspired by Iranian culture, its body is reminiscent of the values of Iranian culture and uses the experiences of other civilizations in a localized way. It can also be an inspiration and reminder of cultural values and respond to the needs of the time. Therefore, the collection has an Iranian identity and plays a role as an independent model, but in recent decades, the green spaces of many cities in our country have gradually found new faces that are often not very appropriate for the culture, nature and climate of the region. Today, they are built as parks, gardens and urban green spaces and public gardens, and as places for people to visit and have fun in cities and biological complexes, rather than being related to Iranian gardens (even) in the literal sense. Imitations of Western and Japanese gardens are not clearly stated before the presentation of the research method. In this study, a number of parks in Tehran in which the Japanese style was designed were visited and examined. Then, the opinions and recommendations of experts were collected in the form of "open interview". The research method was documentary-analytical and survey in which most of the information was obtained through interviews with experts and the final analysis was done on it. From this research, it was concluded that due to the complexity of the subject, the study of the introduction of this style in Iran requires a lot of thinking and research. Also, designing and implementing such styles requires people who are experts in the Japanese style or have sufficient studies in this regard. In fact, the Japanese style is based on the ideas of Japanese designers and many cultural factors are involved. But most of the Japanese design effects in Iran's green spaces are purely superficial and support it regardless of philosophy. For example, by putting a few pieces of rock and some sand on top of each other and planting typical plants such as Japanese quince and Japanese maples, they create a Japanese garden. According to experts, this design style has many problems, especially in the conceptualization and arrangement of its components and lacks the necessary impact.
Keywords: Green space, Japanese garden, Japanese style, Urban parks
Full-Text [PDF 1240 kb]   (144 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/11/23 | Accepted: 2021/03/7 | Published: 2021/11/9
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