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:: دوره 8، شماره 1 - ( بهار و تابستان 1402 ) ::
جلد 8 شماره 1 صفحات 46-21 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
اثر تعدیل‌کننده بیوچارِ پوسته برنج بر ویژگی‌های مورفو-فیزیولوژیک و بیوشیمیایی جعفری آفریقایی (Tagetes erecta L.) در شرایط تنش خشکی
مریم توکلی والا ، فرزاد نظری* ، سیروان بابایی
دانشگاه کردستان
چکیده:   (856 مشاهده)
گل‌‌های فصلی، از عناصر اصلی در احداث فضای سبز می‌‌باشند که کشت آن‌‌ها با تنش خشکی محدود می‌‌شود. به­نظر می‌رسد بهبود محیط کشت این گل‌‌ها با مواد آلی مانند بیوچار (زغال زیستی)، می‌‌تواند یک راهکار پایدار و سازگار با محیط‌زیست برای افزایش تحمل به تنش خشکی باشد. در همین راستا، پژوهشی گلخانه‌‌ای برای بررسی اثرهای خشکی بر ویژگی‌های ریخت­شناسی، فیزیولوژیک و بیوشیمیایی جعفری آفریقایی با کاربرد بیوچار پوسته برنج انجام شد. آزمایش به‌‌صورت فاکتوریل با دو عامل تیمار آبیاری در سه سطح 100، 50 و 25% ظرفیت مزرعه و کاربرد بیوچار در سه سطح صفر، 5/3 و 7% وزنی در قالب طرح به­طور­کامل تصادفی با 5 تکرار انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که تنش خشکی سبب کاهش ویژگی‌های ریخت­شناسی ارتفاع گیاه، وزن خشک شاخساره، تعداد برگ، تعداد شاخه‌‌های جانبی، تعداد گل، و طول و قطر گل شد به‌‌طوری­که کمترین مقدار آن‌‌ها در 25% ظرفیت مزرعه به‌دست آمد. همچنین، کاربرد بیوچار باعث افزایش ویژگی‌های ریخت­شناسی بیان­شده در شرایط تنش خشکی شد. مقدار سبزینه a، سبزینه b، سبزینه کل، کاروتنوئید، پراکسید‌‌هیدروژن، پرولین، مالون‌‌دی‌‌آلدئید و کربوهیدرات‌‌های محلول کل و نیز فعالیت آنزیم‌‌های پراکسیداز و سوپراکسید‌‌دیسموتاز در شرایط خشکی افزایش یافتند و کاربرد بیوچار باعث کاهش مقادیر این ویژگی­ها در شرایط خشکی شد. همچنین، محتوای نسبی آب برگ، شاخص‌‌پایداری غشاء یاخته‌‌ای و پروتئین‌‌های محلول کل در شرایط خشکی روند کاهشی نشان دادند که استفاده از بیوچار باعث بهبود این ویژگی­ها در شرایط تنش خشکی شد. به‌طورکلی اثرگذاری مقدار 7% وزنی بیوچار در مقایسه با 5/3% آن در کاهش اثرهای نامناسب تنش خشکی بیشتر بود. بنابراین، به‌طورکلی می‌توان بیوچار پوسته برنج به مقدار 7% وزنی را به‌عنوان یک بهبوددهنده مناسب خاک، برای افزایش تحمل به تنش خشکی در گل‌های فصلی برای کشت در فضای سبز، توصیه کرد هرچند که نیاز به بررسی‌های بیشتر هم به‌صورت کشت مزرعه‌ای و هم در مقدار‌های دیگر کاربرد، می‌باشد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: آنتی‌‌اکسیدان، زغال زیستی، کم‌‌آبی، گل‌های فصلی
متن کامل [PDF 1205 kb]   (180 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: كاربردي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1401/12/11 | پذیرش: 1402/1/30 | انتشار: 1402/7/16
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Tavakoli vala M, Nazari F, Babaei S. The ameliorative effect of rice husk biochar on morpho-physiological and biochemical characteristics of African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) under drought stress. FOP 2023; 8 (1) :21-46
URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-269-fa.html

توکلی والا مریم، نظری فرزاد، بابایی سیروان. اثر تعدیل‌کننده بیوچارِ پوسته برنج بر ویژگی‌های مورفو-فیزیولوژیک و بیوشیمیایی جعفری آفریقایی (Tagetes erecta L.) در شرایط تنش خشکی. گل و گیاهان زینتی. 1402; 8 (1) :21-46

URL: http://flowerjournal.ir/article-1-269-fa.html



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گل و گیاهان زینتی Flower and Ornamental Plants
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